Quotation Template

This is easier to type and more wiki-like than the equivalent HTML tags, has additional pre-formatted attribution and source parameters, and contains a workaround for Bugzilla:6200, which means you don't need to type. On the Instructions sheet, click the button Save Template to save the file as a Template (*. Fish philosophy quote template downloads printable. Buy quote template website templates from $5. Template literals are string literals allowing embedded expressions. Enter the required details on the Update Template page. Select a template. Create and manage quotes, for multiple quote creators, on any device. This file is a Sales Quotation Template. For printing purposes, shaded fields work best. You can give users an easy way to contact you and get a quote for the transportation of their goods by filling all the required shipping details in this form. I edited a phone number on them and now they are all messed up. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. That prices given in quotes are binding, whereas prices in estimates. For example, the amount paid and amount due are relevant only for invoices so they should be hidden on quo. Also available: more free printables including templates for OpenOffice, printable signs, and business form templates. best quotation template free premium templates word format request for simple. Manage, predict and analyse your stock portfolio with MS Excel. Creating a Quote Template from scratch; Turning an existing Quote into a Template; How to create Quotes from Quote Templates. Allow customers to request a catering quote online for their event. Create a Quote Template. Tender quotation documents are generally used to invite qualified contractors to submit sealed bids to supply goods or provide services. 00 Delivery - 10. If you have any questions, please ask them directly on the quote. Now that you’ve successfully used the quotation in your sentence, it’s time to. WorkflowMax gives you the option of using job folders for each phase. Adobe Spark’s suite of free online design tools includes Video, Page for standalone web-based projects and Post – a set of templates and tools for creating a variety of short design projects such as quote posters. Quote acceptance and deposit paid. Act! is looking for the following 2 files: - Quote. Home > Quotes , Templates , Text & Tables > Business Quote Template for PowerPoint – Good, Cheap or Fast. Website Content - 1 week. Includes professional invoice and quote form templates Express Invoice lets you create invoices you can print, email or fax directly to clients for faster payment. Our easy-to-use platform, seamless integrations, and automation workflows will empower your team to create more quotes than ever before. Download instantly to use this simple, easy to edit template. about us; about us 2; about us 3. Quotation marks, exclamation points, and dashes can fall only inside quotation marks. You select Quotation template from the top right Status drop-down list. If you have any questions, please ask them directly on the quote. There are 3 worksheets in this Excel workbook : Sales Invoice, Service Invoice, Packing Slip. An appropriate quotation template or format will work as a best alternative to costly computer program or software for generating computerized quotations without spending lots of efforts and money. Quote Poster Templates. You can use a modified custom delivery receipt template to take advantage of the shipment Quote. As business letters are formal certain rules should be followed in writing them. Simply open Canva's media library and get as artistic as you want. This is the simplest and most straightforward way of customizing your invoice or quote templates. Quotation templates for Excel and Word provide the structure so you don't have to design it yourself. The act of quoting. If at the end of the day you still feel like the estimate maker isn't for you, you can always fall back onto traditional methods. Try the latest version of Chrome, Firefox, Edge or Safari. The Word Templates Shoppe Proposal / Quote Microsoft Word Templates For email purposes, clear fields work best. Free Quotation Templates Free quotation templates can be downloaded here. : Check the box if Attestation is attached. One of the easiest ways to create a price quote template for your business is to first start from an appropriate invoice template. For example, the first quote template on this page was created from our free invoice template. About Template. Famous quotes template. This template is available in printable format also in word and excels design. This will increment the quote number, name and save your quote in the folder "Quotes". 記事に関係する文の引用、発言者、引用元を明示する。本文中での引用向け、枠なし、背景色なし。パラメータは{{Quotation}}と互換。 テンプレート引数 引数 説明 型 状態 引用文 1 text quote 引用文本体 例 なぜ肉粥を食べないのか。 內容 必須 発言者 2 sign cite author 発言者 例 [[西晋|晋]]の[[恵帝. quotation-template-1. sample request for quotation template word simple medical quote free business form templates,sample request for quotation template word templates doc excel free simple,sample template request for quote product quotation simple word,request for quotation template word templates doc excel free premium simple sample,simple request for quotation template. Price Quotation. Download Apache OpenOffice Templates for free. The Written Quote Template Suite is made up of the following templates and documents: • this Guide to Completing the Written Quote Template Suite; • the Request for Quote template;. Quotation Template. For clarity, a quotation proposal is a document that contains the estimation of prices of particular products or services that a company is selling. A transport quotation template is a depiction of the costing entailed in transporting passengers or goods from a certain place to a destination. For freelancers, contractors and small businesses in the UK. Toggle navigation Basic Plan Home Templates Templates Plans/Upgrade Login FREE Registation Steve Jobs Quotation. Format of Quotation Template Word. Zuora Quotes lets you to have multiple quote templates for new subscriptions, amendments, and renewals. You'll find templates ranging from letters and résumés to calendars and brochures. Quotation definition, something that is quoted; a passage quoted from a book, speech, etc. HowToWriteALetter. Website Content - 1 week. Here are sample letters for quotation request or submission with doc and pdf format and some useful letter writing tips. Quote Form Template. Checkout this simple yet professional Interior Design Quotation Template that can easily assist you in printing a high quality quotation. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Quotation Template. Business forms. Quote Layouts for PowerPoint is a nice PowerPoint template containing multiple layouts that you can use to cite quotes in a PowerPoint presentations with a custom style and awesome look and feel. It provides all the guidelines for creating a valid quotation and submitting it for getting the contract. For any transaction involving vehicles, the car quotation template is an absolute necessity. In this case, they can use print templates and choose a template to print a quote and email it directly. InvoicingTemplate. pdf), Text File (. Download samples of professional document drafts in Word (. Car Quotation templates. When preparing your quotation, please be guided by the form attached hereto as Annex 2. Because the same template is used for both invoices and quotes you can use a special attribute data-hide-on-quote="true" to hide some elements from showing on the quote. Definition of request for quotation (RFQ), and how request for quotations (RFQs) are used in government contracting and bidding. In the current quote template. Quoting software will enable you to configure price and quote of products in minutes. Enter our free Motivational Quote poster template. Quotation Template and Invoice Template. This is why using a price quote template is almost a “no brainer”. Equipment Quotation Request Form Date: _____ Fax this completed form to: 866-584-9722 or e-mail to: [email protected] What is a painting quote? A painting quote is a document, created by a painting service provider and sent to a potential client, that includes information relating to the services that will be provided for a particular job, and the associated costs. Simply fill-in the blanks and print in minutes! Instant Access to 1,800+ business and legal forms. Write the quote and the page it comes from. When preparing your quotation, please be guided by the form attached hereto as Annex 2. You can …. xlsx; The template comes with all information needed to send out professional quotes to your customers. The Vector Arrow Speech Bubble Quote Template. Now it is simply a matter of pasting in your CSS code into the 'Custom CSS' field. Modifying Quote Templates in CRM 2011 by Hitachi Solutions Since we all don’t work for Adventure Works, Inc. Stock template of Quote Bubbles Template. A quotation template for one time work (shown aside) A quote template for hourly work like consulting, services or manual work (embedded below): You can easily modify the template and change values. The 5 Whys is a great Six Sigma tool that doesn't involve a statistical hypothesis and in many cases can be completed without a data collection plan. It is available in the sizes of A4 and US letter size. Google Slides 411. Create professional quality quotes with the easily downloadable business format quotation in the site. Easily connect to the products you already use to manage your sales data to enable a seamless sales proposal workflow. Sample quotation template is there for your reference. Download All 9,238 PowerPoint presentation templates unlimited times with a single Envato Elements subscription. Service Quotation. Final testing and go live! - 1 week. Find below you see eye catching picture of quotation template. An RFQ is your initial communication with potential suppliers to express your expectations for a job. The template offers you a readymade layout. A girl with rabbit ears, tail, and senses, from the slums is suddenly kidnapped by a new mafia boss recruiting new people for his gang. Xin Inventory 2. To design the quotations in a professional and effective manner; one should keep the following few important points in mind while working on a customer’s required product quotation. FREE Quote Template courtesy of Jobber! Fully customizable, automatically calculates, and is email friendly. Get 2,833 quote graphics, designs & templates on GraphicRiver. This is why using a price quote template is almost a "no brainer". Expected Delivery Time No. Writing resumes bios ideas. In a construction quotation template, the quote […]. Request for Quotation Template - RFQ 14 Apr 2017 Procurement Uses The RFQ Template for Major Bid Events. Any questions or comments? Feel free to reach out to us. Invoice & Quotation Template Designs Beautiful, Professional, Custom Template Designs Forever Free Invoice Templates Get started with one of our beautiful free invoice templates!. Download Excel quotation template:. au helps homeowners reduce the headaches associated with building or extending their home. A price quotation template is a precise document for providing awareness about prices of goods, products and services before starting any processing. The Written Quote Template Suite - A Guide to Completing the Written Quote Template Suite. Use them online and personalize them for free to build awareness. Time Tracking and Invoicing software for freelancers, consultants and small teams. Bullet points are a great way to highlight the key areas of the project in a way that is easy to read without overloading the customer with too much information. Steve Jobs Quotation. Quote template is different this morning by LPME on January 2016 1 319. A request for quotation is submit to the manufacturing company or producer. Whatever this might be, there is a Word template to fit. Search Search. I had perfectly fine quote templates. ClickMore (…) > Word Templates, and then under Word Templates select the template “Quote For Customers”. The category tracks tranclusions of Template:Quote that have no text given for quotation or use an equals sign in the argument of an unnamed. These convenient and easy-to-use proposal templates were created via Quote Roller, an awesome app that helps create, manage and send business proposals. Illustration about inspirational, bubble, decoration, motivational, commas, arrow, quotation, open, comment, line. Tender quotation documents are generally used to invite qualified contractors to submit sealed bids to supply goods or provide services. In everyday life mostly people like to know that what amount of money they will spend before making a purchase of goods or services. Fish philosophy quote template downloads printable. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Quotation templates are created in Quotation registration the same way a regular quotation is created, but without a given customer. It's got the iconic black background, rectangular photo, all-caps title, and tiny text. doc), PDF File (. On the Quote Template Settings page, click New Quote Template. Find quote blank template stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Zuora Quotes lets you to have multiple quote templates for new subscriptions, amendments, and renewals. Just click the button below to download all 9 templates. Navigate to the Quote Settings or Invoice Settings page and choose the template that you would like to start with. Xin Invoice software comes with range of invoice templates, quotation templates, credit note templates, delivery note templates and customer statement templates with or without company logo. Quickly get a head-start when creating your own quotation form. This file is ideal for a small business that just needs a basic quote method. [[Category:Quotation templates]] to the section at the bottom of that page. A request for quote also known as an RFQ is a type of documentation where an entity asks for a quote from vendors for the completion of specific projects of tasks. For any small business, FormDocs makes it easy for you to use electronic forms software, saving you substantial time, paperwork, and commercial printing costs!. Here's how to create a quote template: Go to Create > Quote. Sample Quotation Letter - Free download as Word Doc (. Painting Quote Template. Business Quotations, also known as RFQ (Request for Quotation), is a request that a company puts out when they hire contractors or manufacturers to perform a job. Any questions or comments? Feel free to reach out to us. back}} {{relatedresourcesrecommendationsServicesScope. So to use current inventory prices, simply enter your parts on the invoice or quote normally and save the template by going to Activities → Memorize Template. ~ UDScott 23:10, 26 March 2007 (UTC) I think double looks more attractive. User can easily choose template that suitable for business used. Terms and conditions that appear on every quote can be added to the template. About Template. Submitted quotation requests will instantly be converted into neat and tidy PDFs containing client information, their requested services, and your estimated price. explain what that quotations means —either in a general sense or in the context of your argument. unknown incorrect quote templates two people AB incorrect quotes incorrect. In a construction quotation template, the quote […]. This Quote spreadsheet template is an exact replica of the quote template we use at ExcelSuperSite. Definition of magnus anatomy chart. You may also check out Sample Formal Quotation Templates. Xin Invoice software comes with professional invoice template, quotation template, debit note template, customer statement template and others. As one of a suite of universal templates, this RFQ Template will: Save you time preparing your Request for Quotation. Template:Centered pull quote—pull quote between large quotation marks, page-wide; should rarely be used in articles and is not for block quotations, only pull quotes; Template:Quote—quote without border, page-wide, smaller-sized attribution; Template:Quotation—quote with border, page-wide. Xin Invoice also comes with user friendly template editor to allow you to manage your own template like quotation template and etc. Buy quote graphics, designs & templates from $2. Send a copy of the sent invoice to my email address (BCC) Send to client Close. Throughout history there have been people who were able to summarise a fundamental truth about society and human nature. Executive Summary Template of Annual Budget Planning. From the Actions LOV select Create Template and click Go. It provides all the guidelines for creating a valid quotation and submitting it for getting the contract. “Why do I need a price quote template, I’ve been doing this a while and know what I am doing”, you say. You can use a modified custom delivery receipt template to take advantage of the shipment Quote. More estimate templates. Download, edit, and send this professionally-designed Proposals/Estimates/Quotes template for PDF & Word in minutes. Quote Form Template. These quotation templates are of very high-quality. Steve Jobs Quotation. Request Quotation Templates Excel helps before finalizing a purchase deal or ordering the production of stock. Here are some proposal letter templates to show how each format is tailored to the needs of the writer and recipient. Typically, sales quotes will include the cost of materials/labor, how scenarios may affect cost, the schedule for completion, and a quote expiration date. If you want to show off your creative prowess, you can craft your very own bookmark design, with elements that you love. free quote template download A senior college internship is a opportunity to discover and grow. On the Instructions sheet, click the button Save Template to save the file as a Template (*. Here are our templates closely related to Free Excel Quote Template. An arrow pointing left An arrow pointing right An arrow pointing left A magnifying glass The Twitter logo The Facebook logo The LinkedIn logo The Google Plus logo The RSS feed symbol The Wufoo by SurveyMonkey Logo The Wufoo by SurveyMonkey Logo A credit card A tray with an upwards pointing arrow A diamond with two arrows leading to different boxes Two bars in a chart Two pages A painter's. Download Quotation Template 2. “Why do I need a price quote template, I’ve been doing this a while and know what I am doing”, you say. Maria creates a template. Our templates are easy to use and customize. Join thousands of happy customers and see how much easier your paperwork and admin could be. For any transaction involving vehicles, the car quotation template is an absolute necessity. Request for Quotation (RFQ) Template Quick and easy-to-use RFQ Template for any IT software, services or suppliers This ‘RFQ Template’ helps you quickly prepare your Request for Quotation for issue to IT suppliers and vendors. You can learn a lot from a quote by explaining it in four parts, called a "quote analysis:" 1. October 25, 2015. On your job template you can create default folders, save the template header and then add your milestones, tasks and cost, selecting the appropriate default folder for each item. Quotation letter is the most common and used letter in a business organization. In it, the vendor would itemize the costs for each stage of the project. Executive Summary Template of Annual Budget Planning. A Travel Quotation document also helps the company to attract new customers explaining them their superiority. August 30, 2014, 3:55am #1. User can select the suitable quotation template / quotation format that suitable for their business by only upload their logo and enter the business information. This is easier to type and more wiki-like than the equivalent HTML tags, has additional pre-formatted attribution and source parameters, and contains a workaround for Bugzilla:6200, which means you don't need to type. pdf), Text File (. lovely graphic design quote template efficient allowed imagine quotation request form excel best web templates customize word. Try out this quote request form template and see how it can help you create a standardized process for collecting and responding to quotes for construction projects, maintenance work, and more. Free online quote template Free Online Invoice Generator. This quotation temple is not only about price and service, it’s also recorded payment terms and schedule, date of deliver, Quotation template is a simple and fast way to make a quick quotation to any customer. Sales quotation template are use by administration to track the specific order. Allow customers to request a catering quote online for their event. full 9 templates which you can customize and reuse for your own business. 25th January 2011 Request for Quotation. This quotation remains valid for the next 30 days. We've created a selection of commonly used free estimate templates to help with that. This site offers a collection of free Quotation Templates prepared using MS Word, MS Excel and in PDF format to assist our site visitors. Executive Summary Template of Annual Budget Planning. Our hourly price quotation template is compatible with Microsoft® Excel, easy to customize and guaranteed to make your transaction effortless. Quotation Template. Provision of eForms for Council website. FreePrintable. Sales Quotation Template. Electrical Work Quotation Format Word Features Now you can understand your own costs and expenses as well, through downloading this template. Free Excel Quote Template is a sub-topic of Estimate Templates. CCTV Quotation Format in Word March 08, 2017 There are many companies involving in security camera and CCTV solution provider, so word template of quotation required for record cash transaction from every client for in future relationship. These free LibreOffice templates are easy to download and print. DESCRIPTION A PowerPoint Template that has lots of space and gorgeous backgrounds to input your text and quotes. It is available in the sizes of A4 and US letter size. The quotes are designed with callouts and space to add an avatar. On the Quote Template Edit page, enter the following information. We fill the sheets based on what the customer wants quoted. This Price Quote template is a fairly simple modification of my free invoice template. Enter our free Motivational Quote poster template. Easily connect to the products you already use to manage your sales data to enable a seamless sales proposal workflow. Act! is looking for the following 2 files: - Quote. Quotation Template and Invoice Template. Quotation letter definition. All created by our Global Community of independent Web Designers and Developers. Creating an RFQ (request for quote) or RFP (request for proposal) is the first step in selecting a new or existing supplier to produce a high quality part with a reasonable price point at your time of need. Using a RFQ template, RFI template, or RFP examples can help you in writing a business proposal efficiently, and effectively. Confirm the quotation. Moving Company Invoice Template Free - Moving to your new home or country? Get free quotes online and compare movers by services, insurance and prices in a few minutes. Download samples of professional document drafts in Word (. Share presentation online live hd wallpaper. Tiling Quote Template Use this simple Tiling Quote format to create Quotes for your clients and send estimates for your services and repairing. The first and foremost part of a quotation includes the name of the referee and the company name (if. So to use current inventory prices, simply enter your parts on the invoice or quote normally and save the template by going to Activities → Memorize Template. View A template for Obtaining quotation. Quotation is an important business document and used by various companies and individuals to provide price details of goods or services to their potential customer that may make it easy for them to what is best for them on what price range. You need to make a well-made Excel quote template as it might make or break your deal. : Check the box if Attestation is attached. 0 come with professional quotation template. Professional quotation templates by PandaDoc allow you to create quotes and get them approved faster than ever before. The main differences between an invoice and a quote are explained below. Typically, sales quotes will include the cost of materials/labor, how scenarios may affect cost, the schedule for completion, and a quote expiration date. If you would like to further customize the Quote Template, please call Profit Tools Technical Support. See also What Wikiquote is not for common activities that Wikiquote does not support. To print, download or send your quote for free, click the save button. Choose from thousands of free vectors, clip art designs, icons, and illustrations created by artists worldwide!. After a close and comprehensive study of your quote, the management has given their approval. Microsoft Access Quotation Templates Hi, i am looking to update the way quotations are done at my company, they are currently word documents. Here is download link for this Sample Cleaning Quotation Template, Here is preview of another Sample Cleaning Quotation Template created using MS Word, Source: findlegalforms. When creating a proposal, you will need to identify which format is most suited to your audience, or, in other words, the purpose of your proposal. A quotation letter is any letter that is being sent for the purpose of communicating information, or making requests with regard to a sales quotation or a quotation proposal. c4126 Image and Picture on Invoice, Quote and. six word quote as the says description template. Hi, Another question from someone new to Xero. Create quote PDF. Then she saves her work. Hi There, I would like to have a general form about an asking for quotation letter, meaning I’d would like to write a formal letter witch ask for prices, technical specifications and special offers about to a technological products supplier company. The quotes are designed with callouts and space to add an avatar. Thousands of ready to use Apache OpenOffice templates. You can use a modified custom delivery receipt template to take advantage of the shipment Quote. Put it in quotation marks. Interested in learning about chatbots? Chatfuel is the most flexilble & scalable platforms. Input everything you want and show you more choices at your first sight. Sales Quotation Template. How to Use the Free Invoice Template Generator. For example, the first quote template on this page was created from our free invoice template. If you want to show off your creative prowess, you can craft your very own bookmark design, with elements that you love. Just click the button below to download all 9 templates. For example, the sales reps may have to send a quote to a customer for review. : Check the box if Attestation is attached. A typical day care quotation will mention the term of services that this certain service center is offering. For clarity, a quotation proposal is a document that contains the estimation of prices of particular products or services that a company is selling. Our print template for today is an editable quotation form in vector illustrator format that be easily exported to Pdf. Convert the approved into invoices by a click! Try it for free. It is a first step conducted by the shopkeeper after customer enters into the shop. In a construction quotation template, the quote […]. txt) or read online for free. Request for Quote RFQ #X - [INSERT TITLE HERE] REQUEST FOR QUOTE PAGE 2 BPA # x Task Order Number: XX 1. This invitation is for the submission of a quotation issued by the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (the Council) for the provision and installation of an electronic Forms (eForms) software package for the Councils website. This software enables you to create a proposal whether it be a quotation, invoice or an estimate. Each of these nine steps is crucial to follow in order to produce a useful price quote template. The customer name also needs to be there. June 12, 2016. Otherwise, add [[Category:Quotation templates]] to the end of the template code, making sure it starts on the same line as the code's last character. Whatever this might be, there is a Word template to fit. Painting Work Quotation Templates Houses in which we live provide us safety from bad weather conditions or many other things. Quoter is a lightning fast, modern quoting platform for technology service providers. 000 ready-made templates. A Facebook offer ad starts with an image, video, collection, or carousel ad, or a boosted post, and you can find the specs and free Facebook ad templates for those above. Confirm the quotation. Price Quotation Template - Download Now. best quotation template free premium templates word format request for simple. Proposeful's quote template has the following structure: Introduction. Free Quotation Form Template for Photoshop & Illustrator. Typically, sales quotes will include the cost of materials/labor, how scenarios may affect cost, the schedule for completion, and a quote expiration date. Step 5: Generate Word Document From Template. These convenient and easy-to-use proposal templates were created via Quote Roller, an awesome app that helps create, manage and send business proposals. Download on Freepik your photos, PSD, icons or vectors of Quote Template. Free quote and estimate templates in Excel, Word or an online version. Checkout this simple yet professional Interior Design Quotation Template that can easily assist you in printing a high quality quotation. First impressions count. Surucas has designed a managed solution for freight forwarders to manage freight quote requests. Our hourly price quotation template is compatible with Microsoft® Excel, easy to customize and guaranteed to make your transaction effortless. The template provides details of that specific work project for which the professional services are required. Buy quotation template graphics, designs & templates from $4. For freelancers, contractors and small businesses in the UK. Thee templates serves as a record between both parties. The term may be long term or just a few days. User can select the suitable quotation template / quotation format that suitable for their business by only upload their logo and enter the business information. This can be used by an advertisement agency, a contractor, an elevator company, a security agency and what not. Simply open Canva's media library and get as artistic as you want. About Template. Try the latest version of Chrome, Firefox, Edge or Safari. A missed detail can cost both you and your business. Share presentation online live hd wallpaper. Quote acceptance and deposit paid. The template offers you a readymade layout. You can use multi-line strings and string interpolation features with them. Impress prospects by showcasing what you're capable of with images, embedded videos, tables and more. A quotation letter is any letter that is being sent for the purpose of communicating information, or making requests with regard to a sales quotation or a quotation proposal. A well designed budgetary quote template can help people design budgetary quote document with unified style, format and appearance. Quotation Template and Invoice Template. Let people quickly request a financial quote for your service. In this video, we show you how to create an estimate using a Standard Quote Template in EstimatorXpress 2019 which will allow you to create your estimates in a fraction of the time, quickly and. We kindly request you to submit your quotation for Construction of Community Center and School with reference to (RFQ/KRT/DDR/13/06, as detailed in Annex 1 of this RFQ. The official catalog of Apache OpenOffice templates. If the quote doesn't meet legal requirements, legal disputes could also arise. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: