Putty Environment Variables Password

How do I auto Logout my shell user in Linux after certain minutes of inactivity? Linux bash shell allows you to define the TMOUT environment variable. Firstly, PSFTP can use PuTTY saved sessions in place of hostnames. exe You can then use Git like you would on any sane operating system. using ssh cant access applications off of host, problem with environment variables Hi I am using ssh on windows XP to remotely connect to a UNIX server that provides web application development services. Getting Started with Microsoft SQL Server on Red Hat. The setx command permanently updates the environment variables. Tags: Environment Variables, VB. The variables will be set when a new user session is created, which is to say when you log in next. These variables tend to be operating system-specific. Do this even if you do not intend to use relative addressing as this environment variable must exist. ora file are communicated through the TNS_ADMIN system variable. But this works only under certain conditions. Set up a PuTTY saved session that describes the server you are connecting to, and that also specifies the protocol as SSH. From executing a standard command like 'ls' to installing a new software in your Linux box, each activity either uses or alters the environment variable list. It seems like ssh does not offer a way to do this the way I had hoped, so I will just add the environment variables into the scripts that are run by plink, and hopefully remember to re-add them when the scripts are updated :) thank you for the help. msi file in the Package files section at the top of the page, under MSI ('Windows Installer'). For example say you have ~/mysql_home/db/my. Seems like an improvement might be to store the password in a file in the local home-dir. You will need to logout at this point, or restart. Windows will set the the Environment Variable permanently from now on. Set the variable on the admin server and each non-admin server. In Linux and Unix based systems environment variables are a set of dynamic named values, stored within the system that are used by applications launched in shells or subshells. For Mac and Linux users, you can connect to this environment using the following command in your Terminal application: ssh -Y linux. To try and figure this out. exe -ssh [email protected]:2225 -i "D:\path with space\file. You must not think like this that due to putty there is some issue happening. secrets instead of ENV which is a language and OS agnostic standard. Setting the ORACLE_HOME environment variable on the OpenPages GRC Platform application servers. Another reason is if PuTTY's automated host key management is completely unavailable, e. In this case, contact the IT Service Desk for assistance in setting up PSCP, PuTTy, and Windows environment path variables. Finding out Last DDL and DML Activity on a Table Here is a small piece of SQL Commands to get the same info: create table t (t1 n. But, I need to set this value dinamically, first I set the variable on Windows: Then I m trying to configure this as a value on PuTTy:. See the Environment Variables section for more details on how to set an environment variable. However, storing a password with the SDEPASSWORD environment variable is not secure, is not recommended, and could cause problems if you are trying to use operating system authentication rather than database authentication. Windows 95/98/ME. tcsh execute: setenv VARNAME "value" Edit the ~/. Set the Windows environment variable PLINK_PROTOCOL to the word ssh. Once in the PATH, this command can be executed from any context in a given Windows Command session. Variables are configured as environment variables in the build container. Therefore you typically do not want Plink to prompt you for a user name or a password. A popular approach next to configuration files is to use environment variables. It seems like ssh does not offer a way to do this the way I had hoped, so I will just add the environment variables into the scripts that are run by plink, and hopefully remember to re-add them when the scripts are updated :) thank you for the help. However, the cause for the login failed seems to be that the password is not being correctly handled. (These control various aspects of the server's behaviour. ) SSH and Rlogin do not support this. But this works only under certain conditions. The contents of the environment is at some risk of leaking indirectly, for example if you run ps to investigate something and accidentally copy-paste the result including. Use of this environment variable is not recommended for security reasons, as some operating systems allow non-root users to see process environment variables via ps; instead consider using a password file (see Section 33. This will also automatically start the streaming from this source. Use this feature with caution or avoid it. How to set other ones? Neither of the following helped: plink [email protected] sh -c env plink [email protected] bash -c env These commands worked, but showed "naked" set of variables. Shell for some useful functions. But as one helpful reader pointed out, we didn't say much about security. Hi All, I have created a script for an sftp transfer that works without a date variable being passed, I want it to work with a date variable being passed. com and a putty private key file. Support setting environment variables in SSH-2. Related commands. Does PuTTY support storing its settings in a disk file? Does PuTTY support full-screen mode, like a DOS box? Does PuTTY have the ability to remember my password so I don't have to type it every time? Is there an option to turn off the annoying host key prompts? Will you write an SSH server for the PuTTY suite, to go with the client?. First up, I created a new 1Password entry, using the Password type. In the latest beta version, you can configure all PuTTY settings on Environment page of Advanced Site Settings dialog. You can either enter the user name, or click to open the Environment Variables List. Next open the putty. exe program is a simple ssh program based on Putty that includes VisIt's Qt-based password window and uses it to gather a user's password in the event that a password to a remote computer is required. However, when it can't be avoided, the above technique is an effective, though hackish, work-around. Windows 95/98/ME. No, you can't. This chapter describes all the configuration options in PuTTY. I tend to use OpenSSH for copying files because of the bulky Putty syntax (putty -load Profile local-file. Now select the All session output option button in the Session loggin area. Set the Windows environment variable PLINK_PROTOCOL to the word ssh. First environment variables from reports. In that situation, you will probably want to use the -hostkey command-line option to configure the expected host key(s); see section 3. NOTE: Inheriting environment variables can make it difficult for others to reproduce binaries from source with your recipe. sudo vi /etc/environment; Add the following lines, modifying them to fit your environment. Using %USERPROFILE% environment variable would make the transition seamless. The U-Boot environment is a block of memory that is kept on persistent storage and copied to RAM when U-Boot starts. Here are a few samples showing how to do just that. My enable password among the devices is the same, so I'd like to have it set in a. An associative array of variables passed to the current script via the environment method. Injected environment variables with the EnvInject plugin are captured by the BuildContext capture plugin. You will need to logout at this point, or restart. This article is not talking about _malicious_ applications running on your system, but unintentionally-security-weakening ones. SetEnv will automatically detect this and will use one of the following techniques to create/modify or delete environment variables. Should also work for: TeamCity 2. Below are a few basic examples of how to read and set Environment Variables using a VBS Script. Reply a-secret says that storing your database password in an environment variable is not secure and. Environment entries can be used to specify variables not specific to WebSphere Application Server, but are defined by other elements, such as UNIX®, Language Environment® (LE), or third-party vendors, among others. com ` instead of `server. All other actions with support this environment variable use TOMCAT_OPTS. Re: Feature proposal: SVN_USERNAME and SVN_PASSWORD environment variables. Basic Linux Tutorial Remotely connecting to Linux Command Line Interface (CLI) from Windows PuTTY is a free software application for Windows 95, 98, XP, Vista, and 7 which can be used to make an. Mostly it helps WinSCP to modify remote environment to match its requirements. 1 Legal Information. Basically Environment variable is predefined variable those we can use while creating DS job. display/print/list environment variables To list all. Also, you can set keyboard controls, notifications and alarms, as well as tweak the behavior of the terminal screen, TCP connections, login and terminal details, environment variables, proxy. org, a friendly and active Linux Community. (pulling from them if new-style variables aren't set) Password Flow. The command works fine but I need to be able to reference 'password' from environment variable named. In -rawfb mode, a bug is fixed in setting the number of bits per pixel. This variable should contain the URL of the proxy for FTP connections. Both glance and nova cli would update their code & docs to reflect the new env variables - but would continue supporting during ESSEX their deprecated variables. Transparent support for CHAP cryptographic authentication in the SOCKS 5 proxy protocol. In the Manage Environments dialog box, to the right of the example. NET Framework Version 2. Under WSH (Windows Script Host), you can access the COM object WScript. Click example. Then he checked some environment variables to locate the. And it's arguable whether or not it's really bad practice; it depends also on what the environment variable is to be used for. SSH-2 has a mechanism for the client to set random environment variables on the server (the env channel request). How To Set Environment Variables There are some things we just shouldn’t share with our code. Git and PuTTY in Windows Git is a very useful tool for keeping track of different versions of files as you make changes to them. ppk" No, there's no option to configure remote environment variables on command-line. More variables are covered in the File and Directory Locations guide. What is a linux environment variable. JAVA_HOME when you don’t have admin access to your development machine. To update the environment variables, enter the following values, and then click Update. The majority of them have been created by myself, but some are modified OTN scripts. 3 encryption is supported for passwords yet). Environment variables injected by the EnvInject plugin are available in Jenkins triggers (for example in all XTrigger plugin typologies, injected environment variable can be used). A build definition file may need to include sensitive information, such as SSH keys or passwords that are needed to access private resources, but you do not want to include these in plain text in your build definition file. pem" # connects to remoteClient via ssh Posh-SSH Powershell module Posh-SSH is a module for Powershell that can also be used for SSH connections. For the interactive shell it is as easy as properly configuring. (These control various aspects of the server's behaviour. But the job parameter with name MY_ENV_VAR is different from the environment variable MY_ENV_VAR. Ability to request setting of environment variables in SSH (protocol 2 only). More variables are covered in the File and Directory Locations guide. org LONI HPC Workshop Xavier University of Louisiana New Orleans Mar 21, 2012 LONI Programming Environment Mar 21, 2012 LONI HPC Workshop, Xavier University of Louisiana - New Orleans 1 / 52. Encrypted variable values are kept in the system keychain, while other variable values are kept in the anaconda-project-local. Assign values to shell variables; Default shell variables value; Rules for Naming variable name; Display the value of shell variables; Quoting; The export statement; Unset shell and environment variables; Getting User Input Via Keyboard; Perform arithmetic operations. Alternatives to PuTTY I prefer PuTTY, since the uploading / downloading can be easily automated from the. Alternative Method. Git is a version control system (VCS) for tracking changes in computer files and coordinating work on those files among multiple people. How to Switch to Root User Using Sudo. setenv--- lets you set environment variables. An environment variable is a setting that the operating system or programs working in the operating system access. You can then verify the path is correct by typing "path" at the DOS prompt. Like PuTTY, PSCP can authenticate using a public key instead of a password. Creating Java TrustStores and KeyStores from Environment Variables 12 May 2016. If you wan to use SSH, read on. Set the Windows environment variable PLINK_PROTOCOL to the word ssh. Thanks, Erling. In particular, if you do not put a file extension on the executable, only. If the correct password is provided, ownership of the session is changed to root. After the environment variables are imported, the system uses CPS to authenticate requests, and you can run only CPS commands. The standard way to specify proxy location, which Wget recognizes, is using the following environment variables: http_proxy https_proxy. Set up the ORACLE_HOME environment variable to point to the directory where the Oracle database client software is installed. bash_profile source from ~/. log file in your system and click on apply. com” This will create a new SSH key, using the provided email as a label. An interactive non-login shell is also started with a terminal program such as xterm or konsole from within a graphical environment. In the Edit User Variable window, click New. Set Variables with Credential Sets the username/password from an existing service endpoint Set Variable from JSON Extracts a value from JSON using JSONPath. Yes, I interchangably use Putty and OpenSSH. Passing commands / variables into putty session (self. However, there might be also cases where you want it from the user itself - a key-store might choose to transmit the password/login to another application over environment variables. Avoid (accidentally) committing (exposing) your private keys, passwords or other sensitive details(by hard-coding in them in your script) to GitHub by storing them as environment variables. Create a new Permanent System Environment Variable The below example creates a new permanent System Environment variable called “test” with the value “Hello World!”. Quote from the documentation: The Telnet protocol provides a means for the client to pass environment variables to the server. ) More diagnostics in the Event Log, particularly of SSH port forwarding. But as one helpful reader pointed out, we didn't say much about security. If you need help getting SSH to work on Windows, please see Remote Connection (SSH). A process. Windows will set the the Environment Variable permanently from now on. The shell enables you. ksh — The Korn shell command interpreter. Usually Plink is not invoked directly by a user, but run automatically by another process. In simple words, an environment variable is a variable with a name and an associated value. Secure connection can be enabled via the SECURE_CONNECTION environment variable. To create and use SSH keys on Windows, you need to download and install both PuTTY, the utility used to connect to remote servers through SSH, and PuTTYgen, a utility used to create SSH keys. The value is defined in seconds. com environment, click Duplicate Environment. If you scroll down a little you should see a “Environment Variables” section on the left side. Bash variables, including those pesky environment variables, have popped up several times in previous articles, and it's high time you get to know them better and how they can help you. It is customary that command-line switches override environmental variables where there is a conflict. It's definitely not a bad idea to have an intimate knowledge of the various entries in the Jenkins environment variables list, which is the focus of this continuous integration tutorial. How to setup environment variables in oracle to sucessfuly connect to a particular database/instance Oracle environment variable is set to inform your operating system about the Oracle software installation directory and which oracle software/binaries should interact with which database/instance. •Environment variables can hold textual information stored within the system that can be used by OS programs •env –Lists all of the environment variables in the shell •printenv –Prints all (if no environment variable is specified) of environment variables and definitions of the current environment •export –Assigns or defines an. Your FTP or SFTP user name. The X display server install itself normally as display number 0 on your local machine. Linux environment variables do same job which variables do in programming language. Pacheco User Services Consultant LSU HPC & LONI [email protected] My situation has me bouncing between a couple linux computers and a couple windows computers. choco install putty Authentication. Environment Variables. This page is a basic tutorial on using PowerShell to manage environment variables. Velez, Alison Gerken and Amey Redkar, The Conversation. Your four loop will only run once, if you want to run a for loop four times, then you should:. The easiest and most common usage consists on calling load_dotenv when the application starts, which will load environment variables from a file named. As a result, if you've been using a server for some years, you may still be using an older key than a new user would use, due to server upgrades in the meantime. Could mRemote offer a way to choose the format of variables; i. The user is used correctly as I'm getting "Login failed for user X", being X my parameter value. To create and use SSH keys on Windows, you need to download and install both PuTTY, the utility used to connect to remote servers through SSH, and PuTTYgen, a utility used to create SSH keys. If you change the value of an environment variable, the change is passed forward to subsequent shells but not backward to the parent shell. After the environment variables are imported, the system uses CPS to authenticate requests, and you can run only CPS commands. ) SSH and Rlogin do not support this. Software Installation - Accessing Linux and Checking your Environmental Variables Attribute-Assisted Seismic Processing and Interpretation Page 3 In your first invocation of PuTTY you will have blanks in the Saved Sessions area. , administrative) account and another default is created that will be applied to all ordinary user accounts as they are added to the system. Download PuTTY. Chapter 4: Using ExtraPuTTY. JAVA_HOME when you don’t have admin access to your development machine. Go to the end of the line and put the path to PuTTY on the end of the line making sure that there is a semicolon between the added path and the existing paths in the text box, e. In all other respects, working with encrypted variables is the same as for unencrypted variables. The variables I've manually added are not masked. GitHub provides environment variables that you can use to construct file paths for the home, workspace, and workflow directories used by GitHub Actions. In the System Properties window, click on the Advanced tab, then click the Environment Variables button near the bottom of that tab. First we have to understand http_proxy and ftp_proxy are *environment variables* used by the shell (e. 8 The PuTTY command line. There are three ways you can do this. You can enter environment variables in the PuTTY configuration under Connection -> Data. environment variables in your terminal's context will take president over the values in the. U-Boot Environment Variables. The password flow is useful when the client have to do many calls (in a scripted fashion) or also when used via an API. Also, depending on where you have downloaded the plink. I like to use date variables in a PuTTY/PSFTP batch-script to select files with a certain timestamp in the filename. Home | FAQ PuTTY tries password authentication even if the server says not to. This variable can appear anywhere in the Run Command as it only specifies what Password Safe will do after the command string has been executed. The file contains keyword-argument pairs, one per line. Client Configuration. Use Environment variables. So, my initial script, mainsftp. First I have to install the jmeter on linux machine , to access the linux server we can connect. Can you run the programs in the 'putty' folder now ?. We certainly don’t want that to leak. Since the previous blog post on SQL Server: Getting Started with MS SQL Server on Ubuntu server TechNet Wiki article, I have received quite alot of positive feedbacks on the walkthrough and decided to work on creating a SQL Server: Getting Started with MS SQL Server on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) TechNet Wiki article walkthrough with Yellowdog Updater, Modified (YUM). An associative array of variables passed to the current script via the environment method. Changing the Auto-Logout Timeout in SSH Fri, 08/26/2011 - 12:08 | by drad The ssh "timed out waiting for input: auto-logout" messages is generated by ssh upon reaching a auto-logout after an inactivity time specified by the TMOUT environment variable. Note that the behavior of many programs and library routines is influenced by the presence or value of certain environment variables. (If no Path variable is listed, click New. Think of the bash RCE bug from a few months back: the problem was not that Bash was malicious, but a mismatch in expectations about how to trust the environment variables. Environment variables provide a way to influence the behaviour of software on the system. I use this blog as a dumping ground for various scripts that I might find useful in the future. If you wanted Cygwin commands available from DOS prompts you would append " ;C :\cygwin\bin" to your PATH variable. In the System Properties window, click on the Advanced tab, then click the Environment Variables button near the bottom of that tab. Tunneling your CVS or Subversion connections over SSH can provide an added level of security for your repository access. My enable password among the devices is the same, so I'd like to have it set in a. By default, environment variables are inherited from a process’ parent. set DISPLAY variable Dunno if this fits into this forum. PuTTY is configured using the control panel that comes up before you start a session. Which makes is possible to start a GUI program remotely on the Unix machine, and then see the window locally on your box. Click on the Start button and type in environment variable into the search box. Click the Environment Variables button, high-light "path" and edit it. About environment variables Environment variables are named values that affect how the system works. bash_profile for each user. It is a very powerful shell language and is an invaluable tool when working with Linux systems. /sharedapps//EBSapps. Re: Feature proposal: SVN_USERNAME and SVN_PASSWORD environment variables. Environment variables are not available to use in SnowSQL variable substitution unless they are explicitly specified on the command line when starting SnowSQL, using either the -D or --variable connection. dist, this one will be loaded instead. Currently we don't support this. I already tried the following ways: Adding an entry to /env/environment: works well for logged in users but not for irexec. It can also be sourced from the OPC_PASSWORD environment variable. Configure the Docker daemon to use a proxy server to access images stored on the official Docker Hub Registry or 3rd-party registries. Environment variables injected by the EnvInject plugin are available in Jenkins triggers (for example in all XTrigger plugin typologies, injected environment variable can be used). So you might do this: Run PuTTY, and create a PuTTY saved session (see section 4. Though it's possible to run PuTTY with a full path or shortcut, in practice it's helpful when it's fully available at the CMD prompt to access or copy files from anywhere in the filesystem. exe, or in the Current Working. Using PuTTY to Access the Helix Community [17Mar04 Revision] For those users who don't want to install Cygwin because it is such a large package, this document provides alternative instructions that detail how to install and use PuTTY to access the Helix community sources. The setx command permanently updates the environment variables. bashrc and not vice-versa, lies the reason for our problem. Software: TeamCity 4. env — Report the value of environment variables. Enter the password in Password , and press Enter. File type : The Runner will write the variable value to a temporary file and set the path to this file as the value of an environment variable, named the same as the variable key. It is mostly used for automated operations, such as making CVS access a repository on a remote server. - PUTTY - HOW TO BACKUP, RESTORE & REMOVE ITS DATA - PuTTy is the favorite freeware Telnet and SSH tool around :D. Environment Variables and Configurationlink. When you log in on UNIX, your current shell (login shell) sets a unique working environment for you which is maintained until you log out. Environment variables that represent paths may be nested within the %PATH% variable, but only at one level of indirection. When I launch a command as sudo, is the environment variables t | The UNIX and Linux Forums. Yes, I know this is insecure. Alternative Method. Initially I thought they were being exported as a global variable from an SSH (putty) sessions So I did a reboot, and logged in directly to Gnome (Multiple times), to make sure I wasn't accidentally exporting a global variable by a SSH session. PuTTY is configured using the control panel that comes up before you start a session. Software Installation - Accessing Linux and Checking your Environmental Variables Attribute-Assisted Seismic Processing and Interpretation Page 3 In your first invocation of PuTTY you will have blanks in the Saved Sessions area. 60 from Windows XP and I am connecting to a Linux box. He says that the User environment variable is set for the user and it does allow them to view the image now as it should but it puts it in the wrong location. This type of variable defined may use any valid variable name, but it is good practice to avoid all uppercase names as many are used by the shell. Add or modify the path lines with the paths you want the computer to access. It can be invoked also later to open additional sessions. Java on Linux Platforms This installs the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) for 32-bit Linux, using an archive binary file (. The -pw-enc command line parameter and the {PASSWORD_ENC} placeholder allow passing the master password of the other database in encrypted form, i. ksh — The Korn shell command interpreter. On each node, in the installation owner user profile file, set the environment variables ORACLE_BASE and ORACLE_HOME, and ORACLE_SID; also add ORACLE_HOME/bin to the path environment variable. Under bash and almost all other shells, the user can define environment variables, which are stored internally as ASCII strings. UiPath Activities are the building blocks of automation projects. (2 Replies). There are other ssh utilities that do allow SSH keys to be accepted automagically via the CLI, but this article will focus on Putty. This post will cover how you can use OS environment variables to pass configuration values to a Spring Boot application. The command can also be parameterized. exe file (including its entire path). By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Click the Advanced tab at the top, then click the Environment Variables button. Chapter 4: Using ExtraPuTTY. Those commands display the environment variables, and that's where you put the http_proxy string. CMD or other file types listed in the environment variable PATHEXT. Finally, choose a path to putty. EXE executable as you will see DOS boxes pop up many times every time you check in or check out code from subversion. env file can be overridden by external environment variables such as server-level or system-level environment variables. Avoid (accidentally) committing (exposing) your private keys, passwords or other sensitive details(by hard-coding in them in your script) to GitHub by storing them as environment variables. exe -ssh [email protected]:2225 -i "D:\path with space\file. For example, the TF_VAR_region variable can be set to set the region variable. Environment variables are key-value pairs that you create and modify as part of your function configuration, using either the AWS Lambda Console, the AWS Lambda CLI or the AWS Lambda SDK. ssh/authorized_keys file on a separate line on the remote machine. GIT_DIR is the location of the. Some options can also be changed in the middle of a session, by selecting ‘Change Settings’ from the window menu. However, having Jenkins inject environment variables into a build job is a good way to learn about some of the underpinnings of the tool. But this works only under certain conditions. You can change the location of the shared credentials file by setting the AWS_SHARED_CREDENTIALS_FILE environment variable. The application's WEB-INF/web. The command can also be parameterized. The password showing up in the output from printenv and export -p is working as intended. make the local. Typing Macros and variables for Credential Entries each of my PuTTY sessions. - Wildcard Apr 8 '16 at 16:36. How to tell shell to execute it's initial scripts for the user?. The default amount of space is ridiculously small, and if you have set several environment variables, this is a distinct possibility. First you need to set the environment variables, only then we can run the commands. Check out our Raspberry Pi camera guide or USB camera guide. The following example shows how to display on your desktop, host1 , the Package Manager GUI from host2. PuTTY is open source software that is available with source code and is developed and supported by a group of volunteers. It can also be sourced from the OPC_PASSWORD environment variable. Putty and Xming are easy to set up on your laptop. Once in the PATH, this command can be executed from any context in a given Windows Command session. This script will then automatically set the corrent environment variables for you. , %username% vs. Environment variables are useful to store system-wide values such as the directories to search for the executable programs (PATH) and the OS version. PuTTY is a free and open-source terminal emulator, serial console and network file transfer application. Environment variables are one of those features of Windows that have been around for a long time. ssh/authorized_keys file on a separate line on the remote machine. Think of the bash RCE bug from a few months back: the problem was not that Bash was malicious, but a mismatch in expectations about how to trust the environment variables. It supports authenticating with GitHub over HTTPS even with two factor authentication. Be sure to include a semicolon before the path. Click the “Environment Variables…” button 4. Use the normal Windows notation here (e. Use of this environment variable is not recommended for security reasons, as some operating systems allow non-root users to see process environment variables via ps; instead consider using a password file (see Section 33. For Mac and Linux users, you can connect to this environment using the following command in your Terminal application: ssh -Y linux. Chapter 7: Using the command-line connection tool Plink. Use Environment variables. Avoid (accidentally) committing (exposing) your private keys, passwords or other sensitive details(by hard-coding in them in your script) to GitHub by storing them as environment variables. It can be invoked also later to open additional sessions. Environment variables have the lowest precedence, so any options set on the command line or in an option file will take precedence. exe executable, with Windows backslashes ('\') convert to forward slashes ('/')! Do not use the PuTTY PLINK. Software Installation - Accessing Linux and Checking your Environmental Variables Attribute-Assisted Seismic Processing and Interpretation Page 3 In your first invocation of PuTTY you will have blanks in the Saved Sessions area. NAME: Environment A for REST API. And it's arguable whether or not it's really bad practice; it depends also on what the environment variable is to be used for. U-Boot Environment Variables. Click the Advanced tab at the top, then click the Environment Variables button. Linux and other forms of Unix, macOS, and Windows all use a PATH associated with the user's environment. Many people who use PuTTY to make secure connections between Windows desktops and Unix servers are unaware that PuTTY also provides a tool for securely moving files between the two platforms. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: