Freecad Sketch Offset Line

Google SketchUp includes an Offset tool that create copies of object faces and lines at a uniform distance from the original element. Now I have a problem in the assembly module. What I would like to do is get the line text at a part. Edit Constraints Freecad. A cutting-plane line or a break. For points lying along the long sides, add horizontal constraint. "Convert to construction line" will appear in the context menu. Compare FreeCAD vs KeyCreator head-to-head across pricing, user satisfaction, and features, using data from actual users. IN-Motion is a motion and dynamic simulation developed for Autodesk Inventor. A strip description describes boundaries on either side of a specified centerline. Out of the house now but the nozzle centre line is about 23mm from the surface if bolts to on the x carriage. It is easy to use: you press a single button to launch the tool. This will apply the constraint. Advanced Hexagonal Mesh in Freecad: The following is a tutorial for making a hexagonal grid in Freecad, that is parametrically controlled and suitable for 3d printing. In the meantime, maybe you could draw the lines in SketchUp, import them as a viewport, render in Vector and explode the viewport. i love your sketch line !! Reply. 18 hours ago · How Chris Janson Got Offset on His Song ‘Say About Me’ Migos rapper drops in on the country singer’s swaggering autobiography, a digital-only track on Janson’s new album ‘Real Friends’. The Pencil Tool If you have a Wacom tablet this freeform line drawing tool may be useful to you. I'd like to be able to select multiple lines, offset them all inward at a specified distance, and have them trimmed automatically. Point means to use the position of a vertex of a sketch. Sowing exploded offset lines in drawing? If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. One of the biggest difficulty for new users of FreeCAD, is to know in which workbench to find a specific tool. Three simple tools to either draw walls from picked points or from a selection of objects. So you see that value for offset is 5 and you can either set a new value by typing it into the command line or using the Tool Options toolbar or you can start drawing parallel entities. Select the alignment. By default, Sketch cleans up your script as soon as its call-stack is empty. I want to specify a distance between two edge of two different parts. Last edit at 11/30/2018 04:08AM by WesBrooks. Mar 15, 2013. offset line} Select object to offset: {Click on the line you just created} Specify point on side to offset: {Click above the new line to create another offset line} Select object to offset: {Press Enter to end the command} The sheet border with the new offset horizontal lines is shown above on the right. Contribute to hamish2014/FreeCAD_drawing_dimensioning development by creating an account on GitHub. The Line tool creates a straight line defined by two points. Linear equation: y = m * x + b m = dy / dx m. Click Offset Entities (Sketch toolbar) or Tools > Sketch Tools > Offset Entities. Specify a distance by either entering an offset or clicking in the drawing. We will not be using the offset, but for our base sketch we want to pick the YZ plane as shown in the image below. A polycurve is several curve segments joined together end to end. Contribute to hamish2014/FreeCAD_drawing_dimensioning development by creating an account on GitHub. The extension lines extend from the drawing, so the dimension lines are parallel to the object line and of equal length to it. What I would like to do is get the line text at a part. This Tutorial gives an idea about: How to use line command in FreedCAD. The program's 0. Once invoked, you should see a dialog that prompts you to Chose you sketch orientation and provides the input of an offset. 9 - and all other earlier versions worked just great), my tablet or Krita or something went all crazy. SketchUp is a free 3D-modeling program which allows you to create anything from simple houses to vast recreations of cities. Select the sketch and click Groove a selected sketch. Copic Empty Markers Sketch & Wide - Make your own custom markers by filling empty Sketch or Wide markers! Empty Wide markers will now include a blank sticker that can be customized to match the fill color. I use axial or cube coordinates for line drawing, but if you want something for offset coordinates, take a look at this article [16]. How to use. getVersion(): 00160 raise AssertionError("FreeCAD and Pivy use. FreeCAD - Basics - Using Sketcher Workbench Drawing Tools An Ad-Hoc Tutorial on the shape tools available in FreeCAD. I want an offset line to go through these parts in my exploded view so I pick an axis in the bolt and an axis in the bracket, what I get is the offset line shown in the attached picture. Sketch a poliline as on above image (0, 0 point is the imaginary crankshaft center, vertical axis is the cylinder symmetry axis). Select the Sketcher workbench and Create a new sketch. SketchUp Make is not licensed for commercial work In the toolbar menu you can select the line, rectangle, circle, arc, eraser, tape measure (to measure distances, create guide lines or points, or scale a model), or paint bucket tool (assign materials and colors to entities - asphalt and concrete, blinds, bricks, carpets, metal, stone, and others). Offset one or more sketch entities, selected model edges, or model faces by a specified distance. Do you like fabricJS? If you want it continue running and you do not mind tech related ads, please allow this website in your adblocker. Google SketchUp includes an Offset tool that create copies of object faces and lines at a uniform distance from the original element. However in much. Someone sent me hex super cover line drawing code but I haven't studied it yet. Select the Sketcher workbench and Create a new sketch. Offsetting curves Use the Offset Curve tool to create an offset of any curve in the grid plane. The selected points and the line will be dark green. AR-CAD offers free and inexpensive 3D CAD Software with Motion Simulation Capabilities, namely freeCAD, StCAD. Line created by two points. offset vector But i need to offset a line, like a parallel line. Click Offset Entities (Sketch toolbar) or Tools > Sketch Tools > Offset Entities. Step 9: More Pockets. It is made primarily to be printed as one big document, so, if you are reading this online, you might prefer to head directly to the Online help version, which is easier to browse. start drawing a new rectangle. Use the Offset command on the Sketch tab to duplicate selected sketch geometry, and position it an offset distance from the original. Tracking on-line learned Natural Features for Mobile Augmented Reality. FreeCAD: How to create a solid from a sketch by rotation extruding? Select each segment of line and apply constraints as shown in following figure. "Convert to construction line" will appear in the context menu. About creating a line with the Offset Line window. It can be straight or wiggled, and can be open or closed. In solidworks you can offset lines when sketching in a new sketch (before an extrude) Can you do the same using Pro-E? nope, that's just one of the many things that you cannot do in Pro that you could do in SW. With planes, this is possible with "offset" in the context menu of the plane constraint. Traditional 2D drafting. It can be, for example, used as server to produce content for other applications. Click the Break button, and then, on the desired roof line, click and drag to the approximate length of the offset. Imagine two lines intersecting like an X and then draw a rainbow through both legs. I'd like to be able to select multiple lines, offset them all inward at a specified distance, and have them trimmed automatically. It follows your cursor, then smooths out the line into a reasonably clean vector shape. 0 because this is a negative offset. Change the angle constraint and observe Python console output. Both could be useful tools so perhaps you could make a feature request in the LayOut Wishes forum. There are the options Arc Offset, Single Offset and Notch Offset. Currently there's no option for drawing double lines nor for Offset. When you stretch or scale geometry in an Inventor sketch, you select one or more elements and then define a base point for the modified geometry. The Offset help says I can select a single line and offset it. The result could be one polyline or multiple lines, I don't care. edges) to the sketch and use ones as references. Which fault line do I live on? A guide to the major. Just select some edges, and then right click on one of them. The purpose of duplicated sketch (and scaled/otherwise tweaked) it to use them for lofting sections. Distance parameter determines the offset distance. In the example above, a 30 tooth sprocket yields an angle of 180/30 = 6 degrees. Also let you quickly create openings in the 3D walls. It follows your cursor, then smooths out the line into a reasonably clean vector shape. I'm making some progress in learning FreeCAD, and am building a wood-framed wall in Part Design. The goal is a single face that you can offset. division of highways dept. IN-Motion is a motion and dynamic simulation developed for Autodesk Inventor. Select the sketch and click Groove a selected sketch. Select an end point for the line segment. All workbenches at a glance. Re: Drawing a line tangent to two circles It is not a problem if you know what you are doing. In this tutorial I discuss some of the differences between the Extrude, Offset and Thickness, how they don't always give you the expected results and how to get around some of their issues. How to Use SketchUp. Activity for FreeCAD 4 years ago Automatically adjust datum line/plane size to B 4 years ago Allow Pad and Pocket up to a face with sketch l. Executive Summary GEN-2014-020 Impact Restudy for Generator Modification i Executive Summary The GEN-2014-020 Interconnection Customer has requested a modification to its Generator Interconnection. Broken-out Section When certain internal and external features of an object can be shown without drawing another view, broken-out and partial sections are used, Figure 26. Try find icon with line and blue box Create an edge linked to an external geometry. Familiar menu, menu items, tools, icons, command line, keystrokes and a familiar intelligent cursor. getVersion(): 00160 raise AssertionError("FreeCAD and Pivy use. 9 - and all other earlier versions worked just great), my tablet or Krita or something went all crazy. Move the cursor to define the offset dimension. It follows your cursor, then smooths out the line into a reasonably clean vector shape. It contains many components to adjust dimensions or extract design details from 3D models to create high quality production ready drawings. Click Offset Entities (Sketch toolbar) or Tools > Sketch Tools > Offset Entities. Converts the selected edges into contstruction lines. The corners of the offset curves will be filled with a straight line between their endpoints. The Offset help says I can select a single line and offset it. Rhino provides many tools for drawing curves. When adding Section Views to your SOLIDWORKS drawings, there is a pop-up toolbar allowing you to place jogs in the section line. I am able to Duplicate/Copy the sketch and edit/tweak it but, there is no 'Scaling' ability that I see (scale appears for paded/etc object but not for sketches). It can be, for example, used as server to produce content for other applications. How to use. Change the angle constraint and observe Python console output. But how can I specify the distance between two lines/edges or an offset between a line and a plane in the Assembly2 module?. To start this Sketch, click on the New sketch icon on the tool bar or from the Part Design menu, New sketch. How to Use SketchUp. Which fault line do I live on? A guide to the major. No matter what I do I cannot move the anchor points or pick the axis in any particular order to fix the offset line. I'm working in an assembly right now and want to show how different components fit together using an exploded view and offset lines. Brand new to Freecad, and all Cad software. Southwest Power Pool, Inc. There must be a logical explanation to offset lines. Select the line symbol from the draw menu. 2% (or ε = 0. Bali business visa is an easy way to legally stay in Bali while working remotely or discovering business opportunities. offset it, constrain it. (This course) Begin and end the line with a short visible line. FreeCAD 0. Move the cursor to define the offset dimension. If a drawn figure is partially or completely outside the image, the drawing functions clip it. After finishing sketch edit, select the sketch (Sketch002) in model tree and change Z coordinate of "Attachment Offset" - "Position" property on Data tab to 50 mm to offset it. Copy sketch objects with offset You can copy lines, circles, polylines, polygons and rectangles in the direction you point using the offset that you specify. I just downloaded the 64-bit Windows FreeCAD version 0. click the point on the line where you see a green mark indicating your drawing line is now. It makes the canvas stretch instead of making the resolution higher. section, and offset section. Drawing lines and curves. edges) to the sketch and use ones as references. Calculate the slope and offset parameters of the linear equation of a line defined by two points. About creating a line with the Offset Line window. The Offset help says I can select a single line and offset it. Reply to a topic by completing its drawing with the editor of DRAWSVG or by a new drawing. For more advanced region functions, use a object. Offset all the walls of 1cm, to make a cement/plaster layer, then downgrade the offsetted copies to turn them into simple wires. Press the Draft Line button, or press L then I keys. Calculate the slope and offset parameters of the linear equation of a line defined by two points. Create a new document; Switch to the Sketcher Workbench by using the drop-down menu or by clicking on View menu > Workbench > Sketcher. Re: 3D sketch - Offset Hi It is a Mold tool, normally for rubber, a cutting edge is needed, instead make this complete design only a offset line is needed to mill after, you just follow the line and then offset the milling tool down. It makes the canvas stretch instead of making the resolution higher. The Pencil Tool If you have a Wacom tablet this freeform line drawing tool may be useful to you. I want to specify a distance between two edge of two different parts. Select the XY plane and click OK. what i need is some way of offsetting the center line to both side 25' for the right away i started making a button that make the command set the offset distance correct every time you click the. Reply to a topic by completing its drawing with the editor of DRAWSVG or by a new drawing. By default, Sketch cleans up your script as soon as its call-stack is empty. From a newer users perspective. The cutting plane line is drawn on the top view. Offset hook up download - How to get a good man. What we want is a Freecad file that allows us to type in one measurement for the size of the hexagonal voids, and t. I am able to Duplicate/Copy the sketch and edit/tweak it but, there is no 'Scaling' ability that I see (scale appears for paded/etc object but not for sketches). Move the cursor to define the offset dimension. If any constraint is not necessary, click on it's icon and press [del]. Create a new document; Switch to the Sketcher Workbench by using the drop-down menu or by clicking on View menu > Workbench > Sketcher. I want to specify a distance between two edge of two different parts. ActiveDocument. So you see that value for offset is 5 and you can either set a new value by typing it into the command line or using the Tool Options toolbar or you can start drawing parallel entities. Reload to refresh your session. SketchUp is a premier 3D design software that truly makes 3D modeling for everyone, with a simple to learn yet robust toolset that empowers you to create whatever you can imagine. Thanks for any hints! Incidentally, Bernd's post provide many useful links. In the command line mode, FreeCAD runs without its interface, but with all its geometry tools. This Tutorial gives an idea about: How to use line command in FreedCAD. Set the properties in the Offset Entities PropertyManager. The next step is to select the sketch plane. With planes, this is possible with "offset" in the context menu of the plane constraint. Method 1: 1. gov, to request that the "Employment Packet" be sent to you. Perpendicular Offset by Swinging • Chain is stretched along the survey line. A cutting-plane line or a break. But the current out-put is the same x,y-offset on all 32 tiles. It follows your cursor, then smooths out the line into a reasonably clean vector shape. paint online free drawing app. to get a garage door height I use an offset of 7' or 84". But the current out-put is the same x,y-offset on all 32 tiles. 'Trojan Horse' fear over six leading Muslim schools: Ofsted to warn Minister of 'serious concerns' Pupils at school in Stepney, east London, 'exposed to Islamic extremism'. Three, tire height. dallas north tollway hcpc trellis & glass wind-barrier wall approved proximity slope of 12' mechanical screen offset ve grade plane el. Make sure the last icon on the right of the Sketch Tool is activated (this one means 'create dimension') What is the input of your offset, CATIA element like a line, curve from the same sketch? or a element from another file? or a non CATIA V5 native element?. Can I offset lines in a sketch without having a model in it. Just as you have a parallel motion and set squares to help you draw horizontal and vertical lines on a drawing board, AutoCAD has similar drawing aids which can help you to draw horizontal and vertical lines on a computer. After finishing sketch edit, select the sketch (Sketch002) in model tree and change Z coordinate of "Attachment Offset" - "Position" property on Data tab to 50 mm to offset it. Make sure you select two or more lines that are connected and in the same plane. Step 9: More Pockets. Point means to use the position of a vertex of a sketch. FreeCAD also runs a command line application with low memory footprint. Select the sketch and click Groove a selected sketch. KiCad is an open source software suite for electronic design automation (EDA) made for designing schematics of electronic circuits and printed circuit boards (PCB). Select the option Create point in the sketch and add 4 points in the corners of the model. To add a topic, select the topic's drawing creation mode from 4 different (from an image file, from a svg file, new meme, start new svg), then set the description and its classification by tags and emojis. Start Freecad and create a new document. Calculate linear equation from points. Line created by two points. A polycurve is several curve segments joined together end to end. 0 offset element by clicking it in the "Elements" list. One of the main uses of FreeCAD is to produce real-world objects. svg file from FreeCad Wiki, but how do I make it the active drawing ? How do I make a "page" that isn't an A3. Change the angle constraint and observe Python console output. For example, you can offset sketch entities such as splines or arcs, sets of model edges, loops, and so on. Examples 1 2 3 Basic Components 10. Select the point and extend the line diagonally up to an arbitrary length. Click the Break button, and then, on the desired roof line, click and drag to the approximate length of the offset. In another life, I used several 3D modelers. The Line tool creates a straight line defined by two points. what i need is some way of offsetting the center line to both side 25' for the right away i started making a button that make the command set the offset distance correct every time you click the. 0 by the way. 000000 deg')) Note the constraint number (5). Select a starting point for the line segment. Draw an arrow at about the mid-length of a short visible line, the arrow head is pointed toward to this line in a viewing direction. You can also duplicate by offset one of the following: an edge, a face (all the boundaries of this face are offset) or a geometrical feature (for example, by selecting a join or another sketch in the specification tree). I am very interested in gleaning a deeper understanding of all this though. 16 and worked through the examples on this webpage using the Bend and Extrude tools. We will not be using the offset, but for our base sketch we want to pick the YZ plane as shown in the image below. step 1 run smartline ( you have to draw a line so we dont count that click as an extra). Select the option Create point in the sketch and add 4 points in the corners of the model. You should not set a canvas' width/height through CSS. Reply to a topic by completing its drawing with the editor of DRAWSVG or by a new drawing. FreeCAD: How to create a solid from a sketch by rotation extruding? Select each segment of line and apply constraints as shown in following figure. Select bottom face (as the above sketch). 3D Printering: Making A Thing In FreeCAD, Part I. Have you ever wanted to see your name printed in 3D? Learn how to 3D print letters or text using FreeCAD in just four easy steps. I have imported the. click on the Part Design button. 2) Draw a line starting from a point then move your cursor slowly to an existing line. The program's 0. Southwest Power Pool, Inc. To add a topic, select the topic's drawing creation mode from 4 different (from an image file, from a svg file, new meme, start new svg), then set the description and its classification by tags and emojis. If you offset lines, you need to first select the lines you want to offset. The Offset tool enables you to offset a line or shape quickly and easily. point1 = point2. FreeCAD 0. Click the Break button, and then, on the desired roof line, click and drag to the approximate length of the offset. With planes, this is possible with "offset" in the context menu of the plane constraint. • and notes chain reading as well as offset reading in a field book on a neat sketch of the object 31. On the screenshot, collective offset mode is presented. Use the Offset command on the Sketch tab to duplicate selected sketch geometry, and position it an offset distance from the original. paint online free drawing app. Step # 10 – Create an irregular offset. Let's now change the colour and linetype of the centre line. Select the sketch and click Groove a selected sketch. To create other scaled copies use Draft Scale. The Edit object tool is used to make complex changes to individual objects. FreeCAD allows you to sketch geometry constrained 2D shapes and use them as a base to build other objects. Set the properties in the Offset Entities PropertyManager. All workbenches at a glance. This macro is a complete application, it allows to fill simply all the fields of the cartridge of the drawing sheet delivered with FreeCAD. Fixed line to sketch conversion (" draft ", " Need at. V Vertex Click the Vertex button, and then click on the desired roof. The stress σ y corresponding to the point y obtained in this fashion is defined as the yield strength at 0. Hi everybody, I'm making an exploded drawing view which contains several offset lines. FreeCAD on the Pi. Click Offset Entities (Sketch toolbar) or Tools > Sketch Tools > Offset Entities. Once invoked, you should see a dialog that prompts you to Chose you sketch orientation and provides the input of an offset. For more advanced region functions, use a object. It contains many components to adjust dimensions or extract design details from 3D models to create high quality production ready drawings. Note: sketches for almost all features (except pads) need a support face. Or offset each line and do a 0 degree fillet on all the corners. After finishing sketch edit, select the sketch (Sketch002) in model tree and change Z coordinate of "Attachment Offset" - "Position" property on Data tab to 50 mm to offset it. Out of the house now but the nozzle centre line is about 23mm from the surface if bolts to on the x carriage. You signed in with another tab or window. When you click in the graphics area, the offset entity is complete. partial support for filling offset Planned for future (not implemented yet): offsetting planar faces fill offset support for collective offset of compounds of wires Py method Part. How to place an edge an exact distance from another edge, using Sketcher function in Part Design module? My first time in this subreddit; I hope this is an acceptable post. You can even use this tool to create an irregular “offset”. After you enter a start distance, which you read from your survey plan, you can add offset points by setting a distance along the selected line, an offset distance, and the side on which you want the offset point to be. How do I delete just the rear extruded part of the left bend?. At this point you should have a fully constrained sketch as indicated by it changing color and the message shown in the Combo View. With planes, this is possible with "offset" in the context menu of the plane constraint. The other four are: broken-out section, revolved section, revolved section, and aligned section. click on the Part Design button. The offset tool is a tool in Google Sketchup that allows users to select a surface, and drag the edges of a new face around it with the same shape. It can be, for example, used as server to produce content for other applications. The tooth tip is the intersection of the circle (center at b) and the line drawn from the center of the pitch circle, 6 degrees left of line 1,2. Do you like fabricJS? If you want it continue running and you do not mind tech related ads, please allow this website in your adblocker. To create a sketch, click the Create a new sketch button. 2019-10-09T21:24:00+02:00 2019-10-09T21:24:00+02:00 Amazon Web Services Developer Relati AWS Command Line Interface (x86) has been updated to 1. Drawing lines and curves. It says to use the Select tool, select the specific lines I want to offset, then select the Offset tool. Then I'm going to the toolbar and selecting "Create a New Sketch". Now you can start drawing points, lines, squares,. This introduction to drawing basics and concepts explains a few ways you can create edges and faces (the basic entities of any SketchUp model). Start Freecad and create a new document. SketchUp is a premier 3D design software that truly makes 3D modeling for everyone, with a simple to learn yet robust toolset that empowers you to create whatever you can imagine. This is the official source code of FreeCAD, a free and opensource multiplatform 3D parametric modeler. I hope someone will help me with the following questions: 1). I find that if I offset from an edge, I can't delete the dimension without deleting the relation. 16 and worked through the examples on this webpage using the Bend and Extrude tools. Linear equation: y = m * x + b m = dy / dx m. However, if you want to create an irregular offset in your SketchUp layout, do it by shifting your cursor while clicking once and then moving this tool around. For example, you can offset sketch entities such as splines or arcs, sets of model edges, loops, and so on. The cutting plane line is drawn on the top view. In solidworks you can offset lines when sketching in a new sketch (before an extrude) Can you do the same using Pro-E? nope, that's just one of the many things that you cannot do in Pro that you could do in SW. Draw an arrow at about the mid-length of a short visible line, the arrow head is pointed toward to this line in a viewing direction. 2% (or ε = 0. It is easy to use: you press a single button to launch the tool. If you don't have a standard-sized computer, you can perform CAD tasks by equipping the Raspberry Pi with FreeCAD. Now I have a problem in the assembly module. To add a topic, select the topic's drawing creation mode from 4 different (from an image file, from a svg file, new meme, start new svg), then set the description and its classification by tags and emojis. Construction lines are the dashed lines usually created with the tape measure tool. At this point you should have a fully constrained sketch as indicated by it changing color and the message shown in the Combo View. Previously, you had to create extra features for offsetting an edge. click on the Part Design button. It can be, for example, used as server to produce content for other applications. Monasteries across the country are experiencing a similar trend. 03/30/2017; 8 minutes to read +7; In this article. FreeCAD also runs a command line application with low memory footprint. The sketch will be fully contained and be displayed with green lines. Then, follow these steps: Select the Offset tool () or press the F key. Traditional 2D drafting. The fact is pellets have a rainbow trajectory and almost all of the mounts you will find will offset the height of the lazer at least 1. I use axial or cube coordinates for line drawing, but if you want something for offset coordinates, take a look at this article [16]. setDatum(5,App. step 1 run smartline ( you have to draw a line so we dont count that click as an extra). In an open sketch, select one or more sketch entities, a model face, or a model edge. We will not be using the offset, but for our base sketch we want to pick the YZ plane as shown in the image below. 03/30/2017; 8 minutes to read +7; In this article. Using the Push/Pull and Offset Tools in SketchUp to Create Shapes and Floor Plans. A circle is the locus of a cursor, starting and ending at the same point on a plane in model space or in layout such that its distance from a given coordinates (X,Y) is always constant. Select bottom face (as the above sketch). 000000 deg')) Note the constraint number (5). The cutting plane line is drawn on the top view. I'd like to be able to select multiple lines, offset them all inward at a specified distance, and have them trimmed automatically. Download with Google Download with Facebook or download with email. Line created by two points. An isometric drawing, or sketch, is dimensioned with extension and dimension lines nearly like a two-dimensional drawing. Imagine two lines intersecting like an X and then draw a rainbow through both legs. Then offset top of second floor line the height of the second floor. 3D Printering: Making A Thing In FreeCAD, Part I. 5" above the height of the barrel and the lazer and your line of sight, of course travels in an exact straight path. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: